Design and performance of SiPM-based readout of PbF2 crystals for high-rate, precision timing applications
Authors: Kaspar J., Fienberg A.T., Hertzog D.W., Huehn M.A., Kammel P., Khaw K.S., Peterson D.A., Smith M.W., Van Wechel T.D., Chapelain A., Gibbons L.K., Sweigart D.A., Ferrari C., Fioretti A., Gabbanini C., Venanzoni G., Iacovacci M., Mastroianni S., Giovanetti K., Gohn W., Gorringe T., Pocanic D.
Autors Affiliation: University of Washington, Department of Physics, Box 351560, Seattle, WA, 98195 U.S.A.
Cornell University, Department of Physics, 511 Clark Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853 U.S.A.
Laboratori Nazionali Frascati dell’INFN, Via E. Fermi 40, Frascati, 00044 Italy
Istituto Nazionale di Ottica del C.N.R., UOS Pisa, Via Moruzzi 1, Pisa, 56124 Italy
INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Ed. 6, Via Cintia, Napoli, 80126 Italy
Università di Napoli, Corso Umberto I 40, Napoli, 80138 Italy
James Madison University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 901 Carrier Dr, Harrisonburg, VA, 22807 U.S.A.
University of Kentucky, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 505 Rose Street, Lexington, KY, 40506 U.S.A.
University of Virginia, Department of Physics, 382 McCormick Rd, Charlottesville, VA, 22904 U.S.A.
Abstract: We have developed a custom amplifier board coupled to a large-format 16-channel Hamamatsu silicon photomultiplier device for use as the light sensor for the electromagnetic
calorimeters in the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab. The calorimeter absorber is an array of lead-fluoride crystals, which produces short-duration Cherenkov light. The detector sits in the high magnetic field of the muon storage ring. The SiPMs selected, and their accompanying custom electronics, must preserve the short pulse shape, have high quantum efficiency, be non-magnetic, exhibit gain stability under varying rate conditions, and cover a fairly large fraction of the crystal exit surface area. We describe an optimized design that employs the new-generation of thru-silicon via devices. The performance is documented in a series of bench and beam tests.
Journal/Review: JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION
Volume: 12 Pages from: P01009-1 to: P01009-22
More Information: We thank A. Para for excellent advice on evaluating and choosing SiPM products and C. Hast for hosting us during the SLAC test beam measurements. We acknowledge earlier contributions to our SiPM testing and development from L.P. Alonzi, B. Kiburg, and P. Winter. This research was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation MRI program (PHY-1337542), by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics under Award Number DE-FG02-97ER41020, by the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy), and by the EU Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No. 690835.KeyWords: Front-end electronics for detector redou; Photon detectors for UV; visible and IR photons; Calorimeters; Timing detectorsDOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/12/01/P01009Citations: 19data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-17References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here