A Photodiode-Based, Low-Cost Telemetric – Lidar for the Continuous Monitoring of Urban Particulate Matter
Authors: Del Guasta M., Baldi M., Castagnoli F.
Autors Affiliation: IFAC CNR
Abstract: Photodiodes are widely used in LIDARs (Light Detection And Ranging) (Measures, 1988). In ordinary LIDARs, a pulsed laser source is used to probe the atmosphere, while a fast photomultiplier or Avalanche photodiode (APD) is used to receive the high-frequency return from the atmosphere. APDs are used mainly in the near infrared, where photomultipliers are blind. APDs were used in both analog (Porter et al., 2002) and photon counting mode ( Tatsumi & Tadashi, 1999) for the fast detection of IR LIDAR signals. In our simple telemetric LIDAR, a “vintage” technique used in the 1930s for pioneer studies on atmospheric aerosols (Duclaux, 1936) and since then seldom reassessed (Meki et al.,1996), has been re-examined for the remote measurement of urban aerosols. Indeed, it represents a simplified and less expensive version of the elastic-backscatter LIDAR for short-range applications in which a continuous monitoring of particulate matter (PM) is required. It meets the requisite of being a simple instrument for the unattended, real time monitoring of PM to be used in urban pollution monitoring networks. For short-distance applications in which aerosols are to be measured within one hundred meters, a telemetric LIDAR can replace an ordinary LIDAR with a cost that is approximately 40 times lower than that of any ordinary LIDAR.
More Information: http://www.intechopen.com/books/photodiodes-communications-biosensings-measurements-and-high-energy-physics/a-photodiode-based-low-cost-telemetric-lidar-for-thecontinuous-monitoring-of-urban-particulate-mattKeyWords: LIDAR; Aerosol; Photodiodes; PM10;