Polarization of a quasi-two-dimensional repulsive Fermi gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling: A variational study
Authors: Salasnich L., Ambrosetti A., Lombardi G., Silvestrelli P., Toigo F.
Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica, University of Padova via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova Italy;
TQC, University of Antwerpen, Universiteitsplen 1, 2610 Antwerpwn Belgium
Abstract: Motivated by the remarkable experimental control of synthetic gauge fields in ultracold atomic systems, we investigate the effect of an artificial Rashba spin-orbit coupling on the spin polarization of a two-dimensional repulsive Fermi gas. By using a variational many-body wave function, based on a suitable spinorial structure, we find that the polarization properties of the system are indeed controlled by the interplay between spin-orbit coupling and repulsive interaction. In particular, two main effects are found: (1) The Rashba coupling determines a gradual increase of the degree of polarization beyond the critical repulsive interaction strength, at variance with conventional two-dimensional Stoner instability. (2) The critical interaction strength, above which finite polarization is developed, shows a dependence on the Rashba coupling, i.e., it is enhanced in case the Rashba coupling exceeds a critical value. A simple analytic expression for the critical interaction strength is further derived in the context of our variational formulation, which allows for a straightforward and insightful analysis of the present problem.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 90 (4) Pages from: 043614 to: 043614
KeyWords: ultracold atoms; spin-orbit coupling; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.043614Citations: 11data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2022-01-16References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here