Polarization of a quasi-two-dimensional repulsive Fermi gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling: A variational study

Year: 2014

Authors: Salasnich L., Ambrosetti A., Lombardi G., Silvestrelli P., Toigo F.

Autors Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica, University of Padova via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova Italy;
TQC, University of Antwerpen, Universiteitsplen 1, 2610 Antwerpwn Belgium

Abstract: Motivated by the remarkable experimental control of synthetic gauge fields in ultracold atomic systems, we investigate the effect of an artificial Rashba spin-orbit coupling on the spin polarization of a two-dimensional repulsive Fermi gas. By using a variational many-body wave function, based on a suitable spinorial structure, we find that the polarization properties of the system are indeed controlled by the interplay between spin-orbit coupling and repulsive interaction. In particular, two main effects are found: (1) The Rashba coupling determines a gradual increase of the degree of polarization beyond the critical repulsive interaction strength, at variance with conventional two-dimensional Stoner instability. (2) The critical interaction strength, above which finite polarization is developed, shows a dependence on the Rashba coupling, i.e., it is enhanced in case the Rashba coupling exceeds a critical value. A simple analytic expression for the critical interaction strength is further derived in the context of our variational formulation, which allows for a straightforward and insightful analysis of the present problem.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 90 (4)      Pages from: 043614  to: 043614

KeyWords: ultracold atoms; spin-orbit coupling;
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.043614

Citations: 11
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