Self-bound dipolar droplet: A localized matter wave in free space

Year: 2016

Authors: Baillie D., Wilson RM., Bisset RN., Blakie PB.

Autors Affiliation: Univ Otago, Ctr Quantum Sci, Dept Phys, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand; Univ Otago, Dodd Walls Ctr Photon & Quantum Technol, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand; US Naval Acad, Dept Phys, Annapolis, MD 21402 USA;‎ Univ Trento, INO CNR BEC Ctr, Via Sommarive 14, I-38123 Povo, Italy;‎ Univ Trento, Dipartimento Fis, Via Sommarive 14, I-38123 Povo, Italy

Abstract: We demonstrate that a dipolar condensate can be prepared into a three-dimensional wave packet that remains localized when released in free space. Such self-bound states arise from the interplay of the two-body interactions and quantum fluctuations. We develop a phase diagram for the parameter regimes where these self-bound states are stable, examine their properties, and demonstrate how they can be produced in current experiments.

Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW A

Volume: 94 (2)      Pages from: 021602-1  to: 021602-5

KeyWords: self-bound states
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.94.021602

Citations: 109
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