Bright Soliton to Quantum Droplet Transition in a Mixture of Bose-Einstein Condensates
Authors: Cheiney P., Cabrera C. R., Sanz J., Naylor B., Tanzi L., Tarruell L.
Autors Affiliation: ICFO—Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain
Abstract: Attractive Bose-Einstein condensates can host two types of macroscopic self-bound states: bright solitons and quantum droplets. Here, we investigate the connection between them with a Bose-Bose mixture confined in an optical waveguide. We show theoretically that, depending on atom number and interaction strength, solitons and droplets can be smoothly connected or remain distinct states coexisting only in a bistable region. We measure their spin composition, extract their density for a broad range of parameters, and map out the boundary of the region separating solitons from droplets.
Journal/Review: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS
Volume: 120 Pages from: 135301-1 to: 135301-6
KeyWords: quantum mixtures; quantum droplets; solitonsDOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.135301Citations: 149data from “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) are update at: 2021-10-24References taken from IsiWeb of Knowledge: (subscribers only)Connecting to view paper tab on IsiWeb: Click hereConnecting to view citations from IsiWeb: Click here