Scientific Results

Optical lattice with single lattice site optical control for quantum engineering

Year: 2000

Authors: Scheunemann R., Cataliotti F.S., Hänsch T.W., Weitz M.

Autors Affiliation: Max-Planck-Inst. fur Quantenoptik, Hans-Kopfermann-Str. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany; Sektion Physik der Univ. Munchen, Schellingsstr. 4, 80799 München, Germany; Dipartimento di Fisica, Université di Firenze, I-50125, Firenze, Italy

Abstract: We resolve and address atoms in single sites of an optical lattice with a period of 5.3 µm created by a retroreflected, focused CO2 laser beam. In this one-dimensional lattice, the Lamb-Dicke limit can be fulfilled in all three spatial dimensions. Because of the negligible decoherence rate from spontaneous photon scattering such a lattice offers unique possibilities for the study of quantum phenomena in a controllable environment.

Journal/Review: JOURNAL OF OPTICS B-QUANTUM AND SEMICLASSICAL OPTICS

Volume: 2 (5)      Pages from: 645  to: 650

KeyWords: Atoms; Carbon dioxide lasers; Cooling; Density (optical); Ground state; Magnetooptical effects; Photons; Quantum theory; Temperature, Optical lattice; Photon scattering; Quantum engineering, Quantum optics
DOI: 10.1088/1464-4266/2/5/312

Citations: 8
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