Quantum nondemolition measurement of optical field fluctuations by optomechanical interaction
Autori: Pontin A., Bonaldi M., Borrielli A., Marconi L., Marino F., Pandraud G., Prodi G.A., Sarro P.M., Serra E., Marin F.
Affiliazione autori: Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Firenze, Via Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Firenze, Via Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy; Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism, Nanoscience-Trento-FBK Division, 38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; INFN, Trento Institute for Fundamental Physics and Application, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; CNR-INO, L.go Enrico Fermi 6, I-50125 Firenze, Italy; Delft University of Technology, Else Kooi Laboratory, 2628 Delft, The Netherlands; Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, I-38123 Povo, Trento, Italy; European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), Via Carrara 1, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy
Abstract: According to quantum mechanics, if we keep observing a continuous variable we generally disturb its evolution. For a class of observables, however, it is possible to implement a so-called quantum nondemolition measurement: by confining the perturbation to the conjugate variable, the observable is estimated with arbitrary accuracy, or prepared in a well-known state. For instance, when the light bounces on a movable mirror, its intensity is not perturbed (the effect is just seen on the phase of the radiation), but the radiation pressure allows one to trace back its fluctuations by observing the mirror motion. In this work, we implement a cavity optomechanical experiment based on an oscillating micromirror, and we measure correlations between the output light intensity fluctuations and the mirror motion. We demonstrate that the uncertainty of the former is reduced below the shot-noise level determined by the corpuscular nature of light.determined by the corpuscular nature of light.
Giornale/Rivista: PHYSICAL REVIEW A
Volume: 97 (3) Da Pagina: 033833-1 A: 033833-14
Maggiori informazioni: This work has been supported by MIUR (“PRIN 2010-2011” and “QUANTOM”) and by INFN (“HUMOR” project). A.B. acknowledges support from the MIUR under the “FIRB Futuro in ricerca 2013” funding program, project code No. RBFR13QUVI.Parole chiavi: Cavity Optomechanics; Quantum measurments; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.97.033833Citazioni: 13dati da “WEB OF SCIENCE” (of Thomson Reuters) aggiornati al: 2023-05-28Riferimenti tratti da Isi Web of Knowledge: (solo abbonati) Link per visualizzare la scheda su IsiWeb: Clicca quiLink per visualizzare la citazioni su IsiWeb: Clicca qui